NM02–Electronic structure of lonsdaleite SiGe alloys
Conventional diamond-structured silicon (Si) and germanium (Ge) possess indirect fundamental band gaps, limiting their potential for applications in light-emitting devices. However, SixGe1-x alloys grown in the lonsdaleite (“hexagonal diamond”) phase have recently emerged as a promising direct gap, Si-compatible material system, with experimental measurements demonstrating strong room temperature photoluminescence. When grown in the lonsdaleite phase, Ge possesses a narrow (~ 0:3 eV) “pseudo-direct” fundamental band gap. Lonsdaleite Si is indirect-gap (~ 0:8 eV), creating the possibility to achieve direct-gap lonsdaleite SixGe1-x alloys across a Gerich composition range. We present a first principles analysis of the electronic and optical properties of lonsdaleite SixGe1-x alloys, elucidate the electronic structure evolution and direct- to indirect-gap transition, and describe the impact of alloy band mixing effects on inter-band optical transition strengths.
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